Common Drug Preparations
Capsule An active drug that is enclosed in this gelatinous container usually comes in powder or gel form.
Elixir A clear liquid containing water, sweeteners, flavors and alcohol.
Extended Release Also referred to as CR, controlled release; SR, sustained or slow release; SA, sustained action; LA, long lasting or TR, timed release — this type of preparation allows for slow and continued release over a predetermined amount of time.
Liniment Usually mixed with alcohol, oil or soap and is used externally on the skin.
Lotion The drug is presented in a solution for topical use.
Lozenge A small, usually round or oval preparation that has the drug in a sweetened and/or flavored base and it is made to dissolve in the mouth, which in turn releases the medication. aka troche
Ointment aka Unction, a preparation that is semi-solid and contains a drug that is to be applied externally, similar to lotion.
Pill A preparation of a drug in a powdered form with a cohesive material, which makes it solid and is usually round or oval
Powder Finely ground drugs in powder form.
Solution A drug tat is dissolved in another substance.
Suppository A gelatin-like preparation that is inserted into the body via the rectum, vagina, or urethra.
Suspension This preparation is usually shaken before being taken and consists of finely divided, undissolved particles in a liquid medium.
Syrup The medication is combined with water and sugar, making a syrup solution.
Tablet A small dose of medication that is molded or compressed and can be any size, shape or color. Tablets can be coated with a substance that is insoluble in gastric acids and this helps reduce gastric irritation caused by the drug. This preparation is called "erteric-coated" tablets.
Transdermal Patch This dose of medication is applied directly through the skin, which is then absorbed into the blood stream.